International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 7, Special Issue 6 (2019)
Stubble burning: An issue that touches field in rural area and lungs in urban
Author(s): Jitendra Ojha and Deepankar Tiwari
Abstract: Burning of farm waste causes severe pollution of land and water on local as well as regional scales. It is estimated that burning of paddy straw results in nutrient losses viz., 3.85 million tonnes of organic carbon, 59,000 t of nitrogen, 20,000 t of phosphorus and 34,000 t of potassium. This also adversely affects the nutrient budget in the soil. It results in the emission of smoke which if added to the gases present in the air like methane, nitrogen oxide and ammonia, can cause severe atmospheric pollution. These gaseous emissions can result in health risk, aggravating asthma, chronic bronchitis and decreased lung function. Burning of crop residue also contributes indirectly to the increased ozone pollution. The chapter puts forth literature on various aspects of residue generated on the field, chemical composition of the residue, volume of pollution caused by residue burning, adverse impact of burning on human and animal health and various ways of crop stubble management.
Pages: 69-72 | 172 Views 5 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Jitendra Ojha and Deepankar Tiwari. Stubble burning: An issue that touches field in rural area and lungs in urban. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 2019; 7(6): 69-72.