International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 7, Special Issue 6 (2019)
Productive performance of suitable concentrate feed by partial replacing of maize by Jawar and rough rice in cross breed cattle
Author(s): Sanjay Kumar and Sushil Kumar
Abstract: The effect of feeding maize-based concentrates on milk yield in cows with cost-benefit analysis was done at smallholder farmers in Dumka districts. The24cross bred cattle subjected to this study were randomly divided intofour groups (6 in each group)and supplied to concentrate mixtures containing Maize, wheat bran, Mustard oil cake (MOC) and Mineral mixture (MM) at different ratio after 15 days post partum. The composition of concentrate feed of Group I i.e Farmer Practice was Maize-25%, wheat bran-50% & MOC-25%; Group II- Maize-50%, Wheat bran-25%, MOC-22%, MM 2% & salt-1%; Group III-Maize-30%, Jawar-20%, Wheat bran-25%, MOC-22%, MM 2% & salt-1% and group IV- Maize-30%, Broken rice-20%, Wheat bran-25%, MOC-22%, MM 2% & salt-1%. Cows were given @1 kg maize-based concentrates/100 kg body weight twice daily for a further 90 days and total milk yield (kg), Fat (%) and SNF (%) were recorded at every 15 days intervals. There was Nonsignificant (P<0.05) change in milk yield before and after supplementation of ration in group I and group IV, while a significant increase after 45 days was observed in group II and group III comparing to the base value. However, the Fat (%) and SNF (%) were significantly (P<0.05) increased throughout the period in the entire group except I. Although, the energy value of all the three ingredient i.e Maize, Jawar and Rice are nearly same, though the concentrate mixture II was far superior (in both quality and quantity) than rest other three concentrate mixture.
Pages: 66-68 | 179 Views 1 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Sanjay Kumar and Sushil Kumar. Productive performance of suitable concentrate feed by partial replacing of maize by Jawar and rough rice in cross breed cattle. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 2019; 7(6): 66-68.