International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 9, Issue 3 (2021)
Canopy management in fruit crops for maximizing productivity
Author(s): Rayees A Wani, Shaila Din, Misbah Khan, Shafeeq A Hakeem, Nasreen Jahan, Riaz A Lone, Jahangeer A Baba, Gowhar Nabi Parray and Imtiyaz Jahangeer Khan
Abstract: Canopy in a fruit tree refers to its physical composition comprising of the stem, branches, shoot and leaves also the number and size of the leaves, determining the density. Canopy management in fruiting trees has been practiced over the years for increasing the productivity and quality of the fruits. Management of canopy architecture is one of the predominant technologies by which huge and unmanageable trees are properly managed to make them more productive. Canopy management is the manipulation of tree canopies to optimize its production potential with excellent quality fruits. Canopy management deals in fruit crops deals with the development and maintenance of their structure in relation to their size and shape for maximizing productivity with quality fruits. To optimize the utilization of light for increased yield of quality fruits, canopy management deserves greater attention by exploiting the various available techniques like training, pruning (dormant, summer and root pruning), branch orientation (bending), scoring, girdling, selection of proper rootstock, use of plant growth regulators, appropriate use of fertilizer, deficit irrigation, use of genetically engineered plants with altered architechtural characters would help in maintaining the ideal canopies of trees. The basic objective of canopy management is to maximize light interception to optimize light distribution within canopy and to maintain proper airflow. Canopy management enhances productivity, improves fruit quality, facilitates cultural practices and help in management of pest and disease. In new plantations initial training and pruning is given to develop strong framework of the tree whereas in old plantation the aim of canopy management is to reduce tree height and make provision of solar radiation inside the canopy by thinning excessive biomass.
Pages: 160-165 | 142 Views 10 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Rayees A Wani, Shaila Din, Misbah Khan, Shafeeq A Hakeem, Nasreen Jahan, Riaz A Lone, Jahangeer A Baba, Gowhar Nabi Parray, Imtiyaz Jahangeer Khan. Canopy management in fruit crops for maximizing productivity. Int J Chem Stud 2021;9(3):160-165.