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P-ISSN: 2349-8528, E-ISSN: 2321-4902   |   Impact Factor: GIF: 0.565

International Journal of Chemical Studies

Vol. 8, Issue 2 (2020)
Morphological, biochemical and molecular characterization of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri isolates from different agroclimatic zones of Maharashtra


Author(s): SS Isokar, SB Bramhankar, AK Das, KD Thakur, Tini Pillai, GT Dinkwar and VM Kharat

Abstract: Citrus is one of the important tropical and subtropical fruits in the world as well as in India which belongs to the family Rutaceae and sub-family Aurantioedae. Among all factors responsible for decline in citrus production, citrus canker is one of the most serious problem which is caused by Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri. Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri was successfully isolated on the nutrient agar medium, from the fresh lesions on the leaves of naturally canker infected acid lime leaves collected from different agroclimatic zones of Maharashtra. The fourteen isolates were designated from Xcc-1 to Xcc-14 representing the agroclimatic zone. The studies on physiological characteristics of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri. Showed the maximum growth of pathogen observe at temperature 300C and at pH level 7. All isolates of bacteria were found negative test for gram’s staining while positive for starch hydrolysis, potassium hydroxide test, catalase test, hydrogen sulphide production, gelatin liquefaction, acid and gas, indole production and nitrate reduction. The genetic variability was studied by using five ISSR and RAPD primers. Among ISSR primers Isolate Xcc-11 (Nagpur) had higher value of similarity coefficient (0.85) with Xcc-10 (Wardha), whereas Xcc-12 (Gadchiroli), had lower value of similarity coefficient (0.42) with Xcc-1 (Sindhudurg). The result of RAPD primers reveal that Isolate Xcc-11 (Nagpur) had higher value of similarity coefficient (0.81) with Xcc-10 (Wardha), whereas Xcc-2 (Dapoli), had lower value of similarity coefficient (0.41) with Xcc-13 (Gondia).

DOI: 10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i2a.8857

Pages: 62-70  |  1388 Views  54 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
SS Isokar, SB Bramhankar, AK Das, KD Thakur, Tini Pillai, GT Dinkwar, VM Kharat. Morphological, biochemical and molecular characterization of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri isolates from different agroclimatic zones of Maharashtra. Int J Chem Stud 2020;8(2):62-70. DOI: 10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i2a.8857
International Journal of Chemical Studies