International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 6, Issue 5 (2018)
Variation in seed oil content among 13 populations of Mahua (Madhuca longifolia var. Latifolia (Roxb.) A. Chev.) in Gujarat
Author(s): HT Hegde, RP Gunaga and NS Thakur
Abstract: The enormous genetic diversity of Mahua (Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia) in Gujarat has ample opportunity to explore the better genotypes having good oil yielding potential. For the purpose of the study, Mahua fruits were collected from 13 populations across central and southern parts of Gujarat to investigate test weight and seed dry biomass and kernels oil content. The results revealed that, the highest 100 seed weight was recorded in Kevadi population, followed by Kantipada. Considering 100 dry seed weight, Kantipada, Kevadi and Sagtal populations exhibited higher values as compared to other 10 populations. Significant variation was recorded for seed (kernel) oil content and it ranged from 29.40 to 32.35 per cent. Similarly, oil yield per kg of kernel also showed significant variation and it varied from 115.04 g (Kantipada) to 283.84 g (Kukadnakhi). Overall study shows that there was a great variation in seed size and seed oil content among studied populations; moreover, Tejgadh, Anklas and Kukadnakhi sources can be used for further selection and genetic improvement of species.
Pages: 35-38 | 721 Views 22 Downloads
How to cite this article:
HT Hegde, RP Gunaga, NS Thakur. Variation in seed oil content among 13 populations of Mahua (Madhuca longifolia var. Latifolia (Roxb.) A. Chev.) in Gujarat. Int J Chem Stud 2018;6(5):35-38.