International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2018)
Prunus necrotic ringspot virus in peach- A bird’s eye view on detection and production of virus free plants
Author(s): Shelly Kapoor, Anil Handa and Abhilasha Sharma
Abstract: Peaches are widely cultivated as fruit and ornamental crops all over the world. Virus diseases in peach however causes significant economic losses not only in terms of yield but also results in the production of poor quality virus infected plants as the majority of the viruses infecting peach are graft transmissible and are passed on to the budwood from infected mother trees. Members of the genus Ilarvirus infect peach trees and are distributed worldwide. Among these, prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV) is the most economically important and prevalent viruses causing significant losses in cultivated peach crop as the virus has a wide host range affecting all Prunus species hop and rose. Early information on sanitary status of peach tree health and detection of PNRSV can facilitate the control of prunus ringspot disease through proper management strategies such as the use of virus free planting material produced by regular serological and molecular indexing of mother trees by ELISA and RT-PCR. Additionally, use of biotechnological approaches such as in vitro micropropagation using axillary and terminal buds as explants. A proper well defined system devised for the purpose of raising PNRSV free peach trees using advanced detection and in vitro techniques can lead to the development of a foolproof certification programme. The present review recognizes the need for developing a rapid, cost-effective, and reliable health monitoring system that would facilitate advancements in peach industry. It describes the currently used serological, molecular and in vitro techniques that can be used for for this purpose. These technologies include the review compares the benefits and limitations of these potential methods for producing PNRSV free peach plants.
Pages: 486-494 | 321 Views 10 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Shelly Kapoor, Anil Handa, Abhilasha Sharma. Prunus necrotic ringspot virus in peach- A bird’s eye view on detection and production of virus free plants. Int J Chem Stud 2018;6(3):486-494.