International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 6, Issue 2 (2018)
Tagetes minuta: An overview
Author(s): Kumari Bandana, Ravinder Raina, Manju Kumari and Jadhav Rani
Abstract: Tagetes minuta, commonly known as wild marigold; is a plant belonging to family Asteraceae. The plant is valued for its essential oil which is present almost in every part of plant with little percentage in stem and roots. The plant is native to South America and has been introduced to many countries since the time of Spanish conquest. The plant occurs in temperate forests and mountain regions of world. Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand and Jammu &Kashmir are the main sources of “Tagetes oil” in India where it occur at an altitude of 1000 to 2500 m amsl. The plant is drought tolerant and survives easily in poor soils hence it colonize waste ground, roadsides, gardens, orchards and vine yards. The crop lasts for 4 to 6 months depending upon the time of sowing, crop practice followed and the prevalent climatic conditions. The major constituents (90-95%) of Tagetes minuta essential oil are Z-β-ocimene, limonene (hydrocarbons) and acyclic unsaturated monoterpenes ketones, dihydrotagetone, tagetones (E, Z) and ocimenones (E, Z). The plant possess pharmacological, phytotoxic effect, antibacterial and antifungal effect, insecticidal properties, nematicidal properties, antiviral and antimicrobial activity and also find use in perfume and flavour industry. Its oil has a great demand, so species holds a lot of potential for undertaking its large scale cultivation.
Pages: 3711-3717 | 378 Views 10 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Kumari Bandana, Ravinder Raina, Manju Kumari, Jadhav Rani. Tagetes minuta: An overview. Int J Chem Stud 2018;6(2):3711-3717.