International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 6, Issue 2 (2018)
Domestication and nutrient management of Monarda citriodora Cer.ex Lag. in Sub Tropical region of Jammu (India)
Author(s): Brijendra Koli, Rajendra Gochar, SR Meena, Suresh Chandra and Kushal Bindu
Abstract: Monarda citriodora Cer. ex Lag. grows wild in the rocky upland prairies and pastures of the south eastern tall grass Missouri and ranges from Texas and Mexico North. It is an aromatic annual herb and is one of the important sources of Thymol. The crop has been domesticated by our Institute not only in subtropical but also in temperate region in Jammu and Kashmir. Growth, Yield and yield attributes performance under varying levels of nitrogen were examined in a field experiment. Forty five day- old plants were supplied with varying levels of N, i.e. 0, 30, 60, 90,120 and 150kg N/ha in soil. Maximum biomass was recorded at 90 Nitrogen kg/ha (T4) but at par with 120 and 150Nkg/ha. Herbage yield was increase 14.40, 16.73 and 27.95 percent higher with 30, 60 and 90kg N/ha., respectively, over 0 kg N/ha. Significantly influenced the total number tillers/plant and branches at 60 DAT, pre- flowering and 50% flowering highest in T4 (90kgN/ha) treatment. Nitrogen levels significantly influenced the plant height at 60 DAT, pre-flowering and 50% flowering. Significantly the highest plant height (40, 63 and 79 cm) was recorded by T4 (90kgN/ha.) treatment but at par with T3 (60kgN/ha.). Nitrogen levels 90kg/ha. is best suitable for commercial cultivation and higher yield.
Pages: 1259-1263 | 331 Views 6 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Brijendra Koli, Rajendra Gochar, SR Meena, Suresh Chandra, Kushal Bindu. Domestication and nutrient management of Monarda citriodora Cer.ex Lag. in Sub Tropical region of Jammu (India). Int J Chem Stud 2018;6(2):1259-1263.