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P-ISSN: 2349-8528, E-ISSN: 2321-4902   |   Impact Factor: GIF: 0.565 NAAS Rating: 5.31 NEW

International Journal of Chemical Studies

Vol. 5, Issue 6 (2017)
Effect of spacing, environmental changes and date of sowing on morphology, life cycle, growth, yield and quality of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera. Dunal): A review


Author(s): Meena Kumari, Shweta and Anita Rana

Abstract: Herbal plants are considered as one of the most important source of medicines since the dawn of human civilization. Withania somnifera also known as Indian ginseng, Ashwagandha, Winter cherry, Ajagandha, Amukkuram in Malayalam and Samm Al Ferakh. Plant is with erect branching, wild herb. The cultivated plants are morphologically distinct from wild forms. Supplies of roots for medicinal purposes, is being done mostly from cultivated plants. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera. Dunal) belongs to family Solanaceae. As plant spacing and date of sowing has a profound influence on the crop performance because it determines the kind of environmental conditions to which the various phenological stages of the crop are exposed. It affects various growth and biochemical parameters in ashwagandha. For quicker emergence, better growth and higher yield, crop growth should synchronize with optimum weather conditions like temperature, rainfall, light and relative humidity. Different meteorological parameters i.e. temperature, moisture, wind and the amount of sunlight are all components of the weather. Those are also the components needed for plant growth. Plants need water, oxygen and sunlight to grow, but it is the air temperature that regulates most of the plant processes – germination, flowering, photosynthesis, and respiration. Each plant has its own optimum, maximum and minimum temperature conditions for their growth and development. Thus effect of spacing, environmental changes and date of sowing on morphology, life cycle, growth, yield and quality of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera. Dunal) is needed to review.

Pages: 1969-1974  |  417 Views  11 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Meena Kumari, Shweta, Anita Rana. Effect of spacing, environmental changes and date of sowing on morphology, life cycle, growth, yield and quality of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera. Dunal): A review. Int J Chem Stud 2017;5(6):1969-1974.
International Journal of Chemical Studies