International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 5, Issue 6 (2017)
Remote sensing and GIS based analysis of land use land cover and soil fertility status at inter-block level in Banda District of Uttar Pradesh
Author(s): Mohammad Halim Khan, Sunil Kumar, Atul Kumar and B Mehra
Abstract: The present study is based on three dimensions of the land, human resource pressure, land cover and land utilization on different categories of land. To identify the level of agriculture, especially crop diversity that can determine by the fertility status of the soil. Banda District is the part of Bundelkhand plateau which is composed of older alluvial deposits and erosional terraces of flood plains of Yamuna, Ken and Baghain rivers. The study area lies between 24058'29' N to 25054'43'' N latitude and 80006'38'' E to 81002'06'' E longitude. The geographical area of Banda district is 4456.802 km2 and the altitude varies between 3 to 427 m. This study was carried out to analyze and mapping with the help of remote sensing and GIS techniques. The land surface gradient leaning from the southwest to northeast directions that also affects the flow direction of drainage system of the district. In the southern and western part of the Naraini & Badokhar Khurd blocks of Banda District, bare parental rocks such as silica (SiO2), shale, sandstone and granite are predominant. To assess the land carrying capacity, the inter-block physiological population density reveals the dependency of human population on land, which is found higher than the national level physiological density ranging from 306 – 551 person/km2. On an average the results of soil fertility status in terms of nutrient index (NI) value of Banda District (mean of all the 08 blocks, namely Jaspura, Tindwari, Badokhar Khurd, Baberu, Kamasin, Bisanda, Mahua and Naraini) soils, indicate that nutrient index value regarding organic carbon content/ available nitrogen (1.53) and for available phosphorus (1.54), which fall under very low category of NI, and nutrient index value for available potash (2.70), available sulphur (2.21), which belong to medium category of nutrient index. In case of available essential micronutrients such as zinc (2.18), which also fall under medium category of NI. However the status of other available essential micronutrients such as iron (2.94), copper (2.92) and manganese (2.96) are fall under high category in terms of nutrient index value.
Pages: 73-80 | 1243 Views 26 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Mohammad Halim Khan, Sunil Kumar, Atul Kumar, B Mehra. Remote sensing and GIS based analysis of land use land cover and soil fertility status at inter-block level in Banda District of Uttar Pradesh. Int J Chem Stud 2017;5(6):73-80.