International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 5, Issue 5 (2017)
Varietal performance of Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] under northern hill zone of Chhattisgarh
Author(s): Dr. PC Chaurasiya and Dr. RK Mishra
Abstract: Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] is one of the most important temperate stone fruit belong to the family rosaceae and sub family Prunoidae is widely held to state a distinct group of cultivar which require low chilling hours for bud brust and growth is known as low chill peach. In northern hill zone of Chhattisgarh hilly tract of Mainpat (Surguja) Samri & Jokapat in Balrampur and Pendrapat area in Jushpur district has been agro-ecological situation for growth of fruit chilling in peach. Seven peach cultivars viz; Shan-e-Punjab, Flordaprince, Pratap, Early Grand, Glow heaven, Suncrist and Punjab red (Nacterin) were cultivated for evaluation purposes to come up with a suitable cultivar for commercial production under hilly zone condition of Chhattisgarh, India. The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with 3 replications at Potato & Temperate Horticulture Research Station, Mainpat, Surguja, Chhattisgarh in the year 2016-17. The result revealed that the early bearing cultivars were Punjab red (Nectarine), Pratap, Early grand and Flordaprince gave potential yield on last week of April-May. Stone weight was minimum in Punjab red (Nectarine) 13.96g which gave 57.33g pulp but highest pulp: stone ratio (6.38) in Early grand with pulp weight was (79.40g) followed by cultivar Shan-e-Punjab (5.03) with pulp weight 62.39g. The maximum TSS was observed in cultivar Early Grand (18.860B) being comparable with Floridaprince (17.530B) statistically. Lowest acidity found in Early grand (0.18%) followed by Shan-e-Punjab (0.22%) and Pratap (0.23%). Ascorbic acid found highest in variety Punjab red (Nectarine) 164.33mg/kg followed by Shan-e-Punjab (124.33mg/kg) and Pratap (112.25mg/kg). Reducing sugar found highest in the variety Shan-e-Punjab (7.40%) and highest total sugar found in early grand. The cultivar Punjab Red (Nectarine) gave yield 23.5 Kg per tree followed by Pratap (15.85kg) and Early Grand (14.25kg) per tree. From the present study it is concluded that vigorous and spreading type peach cv. Punjab Red (Nectarine) was the best performer followed by Pratap and Shan-e-Punjab under northern hill zone Chhattisgarh for commercial cultivation
Pages: 37-40 | 885 Views 36 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. PC Chaurasiya, Dr. RK Mishra. Varietal performance of Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] under northern hill zone of Chhattisgarh. Int J Chem Stud 2017;5(5):37-40.