International Journal of Chemical Studies
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P-ISSN: 2349-8528, E-ISSN: 2321-4902   |   Impact Factor: GIF: 0.565 NAAS Rating: 5.31 NEW

International Journal of Chemical Studies

Vol. 5, Issue 5 (2017)
Genetic variability for essential oil, polyphenols and antioxidant activity of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) genotypes grown in humid south eastern plain zone V of Rajasthan


Author(s): IU Khan, P Verma, BS Rathore, JR Verma and LK Sharma

Abstract: Essential oil content, Total phenolic, flavonoid content and antioxidant activity of crude methanol extract were determined in twenty eight coriander genotypes grown in Humid South Eastern Plain Zone V of Rajasthan during Rabi 2016-2017. Essential oil content ranged from 0.24-0.75%. Highest essential oil was found in the entry Cor-122 (0.75%) at par to National check RCr-728 (0.74%). Total phenolics ranged from 126-555 GAE g-1. Maximum phenolic content (555 mg GAE g-1) was observed in Cor-144. Total flavonoids ranged from 64-455 mg QE g-1 seed. Highest total Flavonoid content was observed in Cor-136 (455.83 mg QE g-1 seed). 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging antioxidant activity expressed as IC50 value ranged from 3.10-7.57 mg ml-1. Lowest IC50 value was reported in Cor-142 showing that it has potential antioxidant activity over Hisar Anand and RCr-728. Current study reveals that coriander genotypes grown in Humid South Eastern Plain Zone V of Rajasthan contains adequate amount of variability for secondary metabolites and antioxidant activity.

Pages: 2292-2297  |  431 Views  14 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
IU Khan, P Verma, BS Rathore, JR Verma, LK Sharma. Genetic variability for essential oil, polyphenols and antioxidant activity of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) genotypes grown in humid south eastern plain zone V of Rajasthan. Int J Chem Stud 2017;5(5):2292-2297.
International Journal of Chemical Studies