Vol. 5, Issue 5 (2017)
Economics of major cropping sequences in Pune district of Maharashtra
Author(s): TB Gaikwad, YC Sale and DB Yadav
Abstract: Agricultural production constitutes the single largest economic activity in India. In view, it was decided to undertake a study viz., "Economics of major cropping sequences in Pune district of Maharashtra" objectives to identify different cropping sequences, to estimate per hectare cost and return of major cropping sequences. Besides this, income and expenditure pattern of sample farmers adopting major cropping sequences were studied. The constraints in adoption of major cropping sequences in Pune districts were also examined.
The present study was based on the primary data of 90 cultivators for the year 2013-14 spread over the six randomly selected villages of three tahsils. From each selected village, 15 cultivators, 5 from each size group viz., small, medium and large were randomly selected. Thus, total sample consisted of 30 farmers each of small, medium and large size groups.
Out of existing sixteen cropping sequences three major cropping sequences viz., Pearl millet-Coriander-Rabi Onion cropping sequence (CS-I) is the dominant cropping sequence which is adopted by 21 farmers followed by Pearl millet-Rabi Sorghum (CS-II) by 20 farmers and Cauliflower-Rabi Potato-Fenugreek (CS-III) by 18 farmers, were selected for present study.
The average per hectare cost of cultivation was highest in cropping sequence III ( 236774.42), followed by cropping sequence I ( 179574.88) and cropping sequence II ( 63398.97). The average per hectare yield and gross income were less in cropping sequence II (37.47 qtl and 66622.58) as compared to cropping sequence I and III (320.81 and 433.47 qtl and 292129.08 and 410648.64), respectively. This has resulted into higher B: C ratio (1.73) in cropping sequence III as compared to cropping sequence I (1.63) and cropping sequence II (1.05).
Highest annual income produced in crop production by cropping sequences I was Z179450.72 followed by income produced by cropping sequences II and III in crop production were 252465.28 and Z171105.68, respectively. In all, six variables included in income function have jointly explained 76.00 per cent, 75.00 per cent and 73.00 per cent variation for cropping sequence I, II and III, respectively. The variables viz., number of earners (X1) was significant at ten per cent level in all cropping sequences. Number of milch animal was significant at five per cent level in cropping sequence I and III, but it was non-significant in cropping sequence II. Area under vegetable and gross irrigated area was highly significant at one per cent level in cropping sequence I while it was significant at five per cent level in cropping sequence II, but it was non-significant in cropping sequence III.
Highest annual expenditure spends on cropping sequences III was 2315695.60 per farm which have major contribution by crop production and livestock activity (31.25 and 22.56 per cent share, respectively). Expenditure spends on cropping sequences I and II are 2298761.18 and 2241850.69, respectively.
Pages: 1649-1653 | 550 Views 16 Downloads
How to cite this article:
TB Gaikwad, YC Sale, DB Yadav. Economics of major cropping sequences in Pune district of Maharashtra. Int J Chem Stud 2017;5(5):1649-1653.