International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 5, Issue 4 (2017)
Performance of kharif pulses and sesame as influenced by intercropping systems and integrated nutrient management
Author(s): Gopali Yadav, Amar Chand Shivran, Pinki Kumari Boori, Lali Jat, Keshar Mal Choudhary and Sumitra Devi Bamboriya
Abstract: A field experiment comprising twenty treatment combinations replicated three times, was conducted in Randomized Block Design with five intercropping systems [sole mungbean, sole mothbean, sole sesame, mungbean + sesame in 2:1 paired row ratio and mothbean + sesame in 2:1 paired row ratio] and four treatments of integrated nutrient management (100 % RDF through fertilizer, 75% RDF through fertilizer + 25% RDF through vermicompost, 50% RDF through fertilizer + 50% RDF through vermicompost and 100% RDF through vermicompost) during kharif, 2015 at Jobner (Rajasthan). Results indicated that sole mungbean and mothbean recorded significantly higher yield attributes i.e. pods/ plant and seeds/ pod as compared to different row ratios. Significantly higher seed (1161 kg/ha and 888 kg/ha ) and straw ( 2403 kg/ha and 1800 kg ha-1) yields were observed in sole mungbean and mothbean respectively which was 20.8 and 23.2 percent and 25.3 and 25.4 per cent higher as compared to intercropping in 2:1 PR row ratios. The planting of sesame in 2:1 PR ratio gave significantly more capsules/ plant and seeds/ capsule over sole sesame. The sole sesame recorded significantly highest seed (720 kg/ha) and stick yields (2450 kg/ha) as compared to different row ratios. The increase in seed yield of sole sesame was 99.4, and 89.5 per cent as compared to mungbean + sesame (2:1) PR and mothbean + sesame (2:1) PR ratios, respectively. Application of 50% RDF through fertilizer + 50% RDF through vermicompost recorded significant improvement in yield attributes i.e. pods/ plant, seeds/ pod, seed and straw yields of mungbean and mothbean and capsules/ plant, seeds/ capsule, seed and stick yields of sesame. Application of 50% RDF through fertilizer + 50% RDF through vermicompost increased seed yield of mungbean by 10.0 and 14.3 per cent and moth bean by 10.4 and 14.1 percent and sesame by 10.1 and 16.7 per cent, respectively compared to 100% RDF through fertilizer and 100% RDF through vermicompost and remained at par with application of 75% RDF through fertilizer + 25% RDF through vermicompost. Intercropping in mungbean + sesame (2:1) PR ratio, gave significantly highest mungbean equivalent yield (1316 kg/ha) and net returns (₹ 78656/ha) as compared to other intercropping systems.
Pages: 846-848 | 617 Views 19 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Gopali Yadav, Amar Chand Shivran, Pinki Kumari Boori, Lali Jat, Keshar Mal Choudhary, Sumitra Devi Bamboriya. Performance of kharif pulses and sesame as influenced by intercropping systems and integrated nutrient management. Int J Chem Stud 2017;5(4):846-848.