International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 5, Issue 4 (2017)
Effect of different irrigation methods on yield attributes and economics of chickpea and coriander intercropping in Vertisol of Chhattisgarh plains
Author(s): Jhalesh Kumar, P. Katre, Ravishankr and Bhujendra Kumar
Abstract: The field experiment was carried out at Research cum Instructional Farm, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur (Chhattisgarh) during rabi seeason of 2015-16. To study the effective and efficient irrigation methods for realization of higher return and find out the effect of different irrigation methods on yield of chickpea and coriander. The experiment was laid out in Randomize Block Design in five treatments with four replications. The treatments comprised of five different irrigation methods viz. flood irrigation, furrow irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation and control in chickpea-coriander intercropping. The maximum horizontal and vertical front advance from emitter at 1.2 kg cm-2 were observed to be 18, 24, 32, 35, 38, 40 cm and 23.8, 27.9, 33.5, 37.4, 39.6, 42.1cm, respectively. Uniformity coefficient, application efficiency, distribution efficiency, water stored efficiency and water use efficiency were found higher at drip irrigation method as compare to other irrigation methods. The highest yield (11.78 q ha-1) was recorded in drip irrigation system followed by sprinkler irrigation (10.75 q ha-1), furrow irrigation (9.93 q ha-1), flood irrigation (9.86 q ha-1) and lowest yield found in control (5.22 q ha-1). The highest benefit cost ratio (2.03) was found in sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation then followed by control (2.02), flood irrigation (1.80), furrow irrigation(1.74) and lowest was found in control (1.10). Water use efficiency was recorded highest in drip irrigation (4.71 kg/ha-mm of water) followed by sprinkler irrigation (4.30 kg/ha-mm of water), furrow irrigation (3.97 kg/ha-mm of water), flood irrigation (3.94 kg/ha-mm of water) and minimum was recorded under flood control (2.08 kg/ha-mm of water)
Pages: 695-698 | 583 Views 16 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Jhalesh Kumar, P. Katre, Ravishankr, Bhujendra Kumar. Effect of different irrigation methods on yield attributes and economics of chickpea and coriander intercropping in Vertisol of Chhattisgarh plains. Int J Chem Stud 2017;5(4):695-698.