International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2017)
Preliminary phytochemical screening of Parkinsonia aculeata Leaf extracts
Author(s): SY Mohammed, H Suleiman, M Abubakar, MR Sagir, SA Sule, BM Balarabe and K Mohammed
Abstract: Parkinsonia aculeata is a small tree that can be found in the northern part of Nigeria. Its leaves are locally used to treat diarrhea in some villages of Sokoto, however, there is little or no information on its phytochemical constituents. This paper therefore, reports the findings on the preliminary phytochemical investigation on the leaf extracts. The result indicates the presence of alkanoids, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, glycosides and steroids in all the three extracts analyzed. Tannins, saponins and saponin glycosides are present in aqueous and methanolic extracts but not in petroleum ether fraction, while both anthraquinone and anthraquinone glycosides are absent in the entire three fractions. This may be attributed to the polarity of the solvents. The presence of some of these bioactive compounds justifies the usage of the plant for traditional medicine.
Pages: 86-88 | 993 Views 17 Downloads
How to cite this article:
SY Mohammed, H Suleiman, M Abubakar, MR Sagir, SA Sule, BM Balarabe, K Mohammed. Preliminary phytochemical screening of Parkinsonia aculeata Leaf extracts. Int J Chem Stud 2017;5(2):86-88.