International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 4, Issue 6 (2016)
Effects of production site and coat colour on the physicochemical characteristics of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) seeds in Côte d’Ivoire
Author(s): KOKO Anauma Casimir, KOUAME Kan Benjamin and DIOMANDE Massé
Abstract: Cowpea seeds are produced in many sites and consumed in Côte d’Ivoire. These seeds varied widely in coat colour. The present study was carried out to check the influence of some factors (production site and coat colour) on the physicochemical characteristics of cowpea seeds. For this purpose red seed samples and white ones were drawn from three production sites. The physicochemical characteristics were determined following standard methods while the influence of factors was checked out via chemometric methods. The results showed that cowpea seeds are rich in carbohydrates (63.76 ± 0.85%) and proteins (21.29 ± 0.94%). Its characteristics were significantly (p˂0.05) affected by seed coat colour and production sites. The effects of their interaction were also shown to be significant. In addition, the significant (p˂0.05) effects of coat colour, production site and their interaction on physicochemical properties of cowpea seeds are responsible of differences observed between samples analysed. Cowpea samples from Marahoue site which seed coat is white recorded the highest protein content while the red ones collected in Tonkpi site recorded highest value of carbohydrates. These samples could be used to fight against nutritional diseases due to protein and carbohydrate deficiencies.
Pages: 105-111 | 1548 Views 9 Downloads
How to cite this article:
KOKO Anauma Casimir, KOUAME Kan Benjamin, DIOMANDE Massé. Effects of production site and coat colour on the physicochemical characteristics of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) seeds in Côte d’Ivoire. Int J Chem Stud 2016;4(6):105-111.