International Journal of Chemical Studies
Vol. 4, Issue 6 (2016)
Phytochemical analysis of Gmelina asiatica L. leaves
Author(s): Florence AR and Regini Balasingh GS
Abstract: Objective: The present study was undertaken to investigate the bioactive components present in the leaf extracts of Gmelina asiatica.
Methods: Aqueous, petroleum ether, chloroform, ethanol and acetone extracts were prepared by adding 100 g of leaf powder to 1000 ml of these solvents and subjected to soxhlet extraction. The extracts were concentrated by using vacuum evaporator and dried at 60 oC. Preliminary phytochemical screening was performed by Harborne method. Total tannin and flavonoid content was determined by using Folin Ciocalteau reagent and Aluminium Chloride method respectively.
Results: Different extracts showed the bioactive components such as alkaloids, carbohydrates, glycosides, coumarins, quinones, saponins, steroids, terpenoids, proteins, phytosterols, tannins and flavonoids. Total tannins content in the ethanolic leaf extract was estimated as 0.042µg/µl and flavonoids content was estimated as 0.045µg/µl.
Conclusion: The findings of the study revealed that various chemical constituents present in the leaf extracts of G. asiatica is rich in phytopharmaceutical importance.
Pages: 78-82 | 1403 Views 38 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Florence AR, Regini Balasingh GS. Phytochemical analysis of Gmelina asiatica L. leaves. Int J Chem Stud 2016;4(6):78-82.