Vol. 1, Issue 3 (2013)
Impact of Modernization of Agricultural Practices on the Mineral Wealth of Ground Water in peravurani Taluk of Tamil Nadu, India
Author(s): M.Chithravel, C.Surendra Dilip, R. Thiruneelakandan, K.Sithick Ali
Abstract: Modernisation of agricultural practices has affected the quality of ground water and the extent to which it is affected, depends on the location of the water table and the quantity of fertilizer utilised. The present study has been undertaken to verify the extent to which the usage of fertilizers has polluted and influenced the ground water table in the selected area. The water samples were taken from 20 different locations (a random selection of 68 wells) belonging to different land types such as nanjai (highly fertile), punjai (fertile), different cropping systems such as high land crops and mixed crops and fields such as banana and paddy fields, were analysed for their quality and effectiveness. The analyses were done periodically for eight months from July 2012 to February 2013, testing for important physico-chemical parameters like pH, electrical conductivity, and minerals such as Cl, Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, and Cu etc. The analysed results revealed that, there was a significant correlation between the cropping system and nitrate-N concentration in groundwater. Even though there was no significant difference between their observed values, a high nitrate-N concentration of groundwater was observed for nanjai land followed by punjai land. From the testing and analysis, it could thus be concluded that the overall quality of groundwater of the selected area is safe for drinking, domestic and irrigation purposes.
Pages: 132-141 | 1306 Views 16 Downloads
How to cite this article:
M.Chithravel, C.Surendra Dilip, R. Thiruneelakandan, K.Sithick Ali. Impact of Modernization of Agricultural Practices on the Mineral Wealth of Ground Water in peravurani Taluk of Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Chem Stud 2013;1(3):132-141.