Vol. 7, Issue 4 (2019)
Maize research and development in Assam
Author(s): Binod Kalita and Sarat Sekhar Bora
Abstract: Assam's economy is fundamentally based on agriculture. About 89 per cent of state’s population of about 3 cores lives in rural areas and about 70 per cent of the total work force is engaged in agriculture and allied activities. Maize is the third important cereal crop in the world after wheat and rice with respect to area and production. India is the fifth largest producer of maize in the world, contributing 3% of the global production, though productivity is much lower than other potential maize growing countries like USA, Argentina and China. In Assam, maize is the second most important crop, next to rice and is mostly grown under rainfed hilly upland conditions. In the region, maize production plays a significant role in ensuring food security and is used both for direct consumption and as well as for second cycle produce in piggery and poultry farming. The popular several varieties presently cultivated in the region are from private sectors only. The crop is now in a status of emerging crop in the state and constant increase in acreage is being observed in recent years. Maize being a crop of high potential can give a boost to the economy of the state. The main limiting factors like suitable hybrids and seasonal heavy rainfall.
How to cite this article:
Binod Kalita and Sarat Sekhar Bora. Maize research and development in Assam. 2019; 7(4): 66-70.