Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2018)
Economic analysis of production of white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) in Himachal Pradesh: A case study of Shimla district
Author(s): Nitin Sharma, Manoj Kumar Vaidya, Ratika Kayastha, Manju Kumari and Kumari Bandana
Abstract: Mushroom is mainly cultivated on the hills as it requires low temperature for its growth. Himachal Pradesh has now emerged as a major state of mushroom cultivation where small growers, co-operative growers societies and big farmers are engaged in mushroom production.Keeping that in viewThe study was conducted in Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh during 2017-18 for analysis, as this district is the second largest producer of mushroom in the State. A sample of 60 farmers was drawn by using simple random technique. For the construction of strata, cumulative Cube root frequency method was used. the mushroom grower were classified into three categories on the basis of number of bag, viz., Small Category (≤ 600), Medium Category (600-1200) and Large Category (>1200). The per farm operational cost was estimated Rs. 38494.52, Rs.123411.50 and Rs. 371402.47 on small, medium and large respectively. The cost B, which represent Cost a plus Interest on owned fixed cost was estimated to Rs. 42900.35 (Small), Rs. 136861.34 (Medium) and Rs. 395743.17(large) per farms. The total cost (i.e cost C3) per farm of mushroom varied from Rs.58302.68 to Rs.463053.98. that on overall categories of farms the cost of cultivation per kg of mushroom was estimated to Rs. 73.54 which varied between Rs.65.87 in large to Rs.87.70 in small.On per 100 bags the average return in term of money value was highest in case of Largei.e. Rs. 12905.36 followed by Medium Rs. 9067.08 and SmallRs. 7606.81. On the selected farms the average output-input ratio was found 1.63 on the basis of cost C concept. It was highest in Large (1.81) and lowest in Small (1.41).